“Dengue fever” with 4 prominent symptoms – the severity of the disease that should be observed

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Dengue fever is an infectious disease cause by the dengue virus. with mosquitoes as carriers In Thailand, the dengue virus is a pathogen. Hence the name dengue hemorrhagic fever (Dengue Haemorrhagic Virus). It was first reported in 1958. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is now found in many countries. Each year in Thailand, the number of infected cases is reporte from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands. This disease is most common in the rainy season. From May to September, it was most commonly found in children age  5-9 years, follow by 10-14 years, birth to 4 years, and 15 years and over, respectively. 

There were approximately the same number of men and women. It is also a public health and medical problem. There are 2 types of Aedes aedes aegypti which are garden mosquitoes and house mosquitoes. The most commonly found is the Aedes aegypti, found in the house and around the house. There are many species. Especially Aedes Aegypti species and female Aedes mosquitoes. to eat in the daytime Prefers to spawn in relatively clean still water. And the virus will stay in the mosquito throughout the life of that mosquito, about 1-2 months. ยูฟ่าเบท

Prominent symptoms after infection with dengue virus Into the body for 5-8 days, the symptoms of the disease will appear, there are 4 levels.

  1. High fever lasting 2-7 days
  2. Frequent bleeding with bleeding spots on the skin
  3. Enlarged liver can be palpated under the right rib cage. and when press, it hurts
  4. circulatory failure and may cause shock

Symptoms of dengue fever

Dengue fever patient child There will be acute high fever, red face, headache, aches and pains. Later, there will be bleeding from the trunk, arms and legs, and there will be anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, not drinking water, lethargy, lying still, not talking. Some people have nosebleeds and black stools. bloody vomit  and usually do not show cold symptoms, not coughing, the dangerous period is when the fever begins to decrease for 2-7 days. Generally, only 2-3% of people will experience shock or death. Symptoms are cold hands and feet, restlessness, and rapid pulse. If the blood pressure falls to the point of shock, death may occur. However, dengue fever can be treate with good results if diagnosed and treated early.

severity of hemorrhagic fever

There are four levels of severity of dengue fever.

Grade 1: High fever, but no hemorrhagic spots will be found. This level can be seen and preliminary by wiping yourself often and drinking lots of water.

Level 2: At this stage, if the patient is still able to eat and drink water, he does not need to come to the hospital.

(But if you can’t eat and drink, take him to the hospital. to inspect and monitor closely)

Level 3: Light and fast pulse, cold hands and feet, pale face, restlessness. That indicates that the blood pressure is very low, hurry to bring it.

hospital to see a doctor and get a diagnosis as soon as possible.

Level 4: Severe drop in blood pressure. cannot be measure or shock In which this level of symptoms occurs, rush to the hospital immediately.

Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

when seeing a doctor The doctor will take a detailed medical history, perform a physical examination, and perform blood tests at the laboratory.

Dengue Fever Prevention

  • Avoid mosquito bites.
  • Eliminate or reduce mosquito breeding sites, such as places with stagnant and clean water.
Dengue Treatment
  • Always wipe yourself and drink water often.
  • Give paracetamol to reduce fever. (Do not give aspirin Bufen because it will impair platelet function.)
  • Patients who come to the hospital early will help reduce bleeding and shock complications.